Tibetan Buddhism Facts
- by Freya
- Last Updated: 2021-09-05
Tibetan Buddhism is the major existence of Tibetan culture. On the snowy plateau, temples, pagodas, prayer flags, the ubiquitous six-word Dharani and Mani stones, magnificent Potala Palace, holy Jokhang Temple, and the Ramoche Temple are all symbols of Tibetan Buddhism. In fact, the connotation of Tibetan Buddhism is far more than these - its unique reincarnation system of living Buddha, the order of specializing Exoteric and Esoteric Buddhism, a tremendous amount of Sutras, as well as murals, statues, Thangka and other Buddhist arts, etc. all contain a huge amount of connotation, which attract people's attention at home and abroad. Here're some facts about Tibetan Buddhism, from which you can understand Tibetan Buddhism better.
1. The symbols of Tibetan Buddhism are Dharma Chakra and deer, which symbolize the everlasting life of Buddhism and the Buddha-nature of all things. It also commemorates the first turning dharma Chakra of Buddha Shakyamuni at Sarnath (preaching), and a pair of tame deer kneels down to listen to Dharma. It generally placed in the middle and right above the main hall.
2. The eight auspicious symbols of Tibetan Buddhism are wildly used in temples, pagodas, dwellings of Tibetans or Mongolians, costumes and paintings to symbolize lucky, happiness, and satisfaction.
3. The debates of Tibetan Buddhism is very distinctive, which is not only a routine but also a discussion accompanied by exaggerated body movements based on the understanding and application of Buddhist scriptures. The more monks debate about Buddhism sutras, the better understanding they will have. Usually, there're dedicated venues for Buddhism debates in large monasteries such as Sera Monastery.
4. Buddha images are not only painted on the walls in temples but also on stones or stone walls, which can be regarded as an incarnation of the Buddha after consecration so that believers can worship Buddha anytime.
5. In Tibetan Buddhism, sky burial is the most distinctive burial method. According to Tibetan Buddhism, death is to separate the soul from the body. The sky burial is the last almsgiving from the dead by feeding the vultures with the body. It's a sublime act.
6. The Dalai Lama and Panchen Lama are the two major religious leaders. In Tibetan Buddhism, the choice of leaders is based on the reincarnation system. According to Tibetan Buddhism, the real eminent monks with great achievements are reincarnations of previous living buddhas. And it's also the reason why they can understand and master dharma in a short time. So they have a very high status in the sect.
7. In Tibetan Buddhism, monastic women are an important part. They belong to the Nyingmapa, Kadampa, Sakyapa, Kagyupa, and Gelugpa sects. At present, there're so many monastic women across Tibet, Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Yunnan, other Tibetan areas, Inner Mongolia, and other areas where they believe in Tibetan Buddhism.
8. Exoteric Buddhism and esoteric Buddhism are the two main divisions of Tibet Buddhism. And the biggest difference is the way of its practice. Pilgrims can choose to practice exoteric Buddhism or esoteric Buddhism according to your capacity for accepting Buddhism. Tsongkhapa, the founder of Gelug sect advocates to practice exoteric Buddhism first then esoteric Buddhism. The ultimate goal of both exoteric Buddhism and esoteric Buddhism is to obtain the Buddha-hood.
Songtsen Gampo(617-650) was the 33rd Tibetan King. During his reign, he greatly expanded the territory of Tibet and made it a powerful country on the Plateau.
Handmade art has been an indispensable part of the lives of the Tibetan people. When talking about Tibetan handicrafts, people would think of Thangka, Tibetan incense, Tibetan medicine, Tibetan knife, Tibetan ornaments, etc.
Khata And Related Etiquette
Khata scarves are the most common Tibetan gifts. Presenting Khata expresses good wishes and respect. Learn more about Khatas' meanings, color, etiquette, etc.
Tibetan language is referred to as Bodic or Tibetic language. Now, it's widely used in the northern part of India, Nepal, and Bhutan. We will briefly introduce the history, alphabets, notable features, words and grammar to the language of Tibet.
Top 10 Tibetan Monasteries
Check the top 10 Tibetan Buddhist monasteries. You can not only see marvelous religious artworks but also discover the spiritual home of Tibetan people.
Palden Lhamo is the chief Dharma Protector, so she is highly valued in all major sects of Tibetan Buddhism. Almost every monastery enshrines her.
Bon—The Indigenous Religion of Tibet
Bon(Bonismo), originated from the "Gangdise Mountains" and "Manasarovar Lake" in ancient Xiangxiong, Tibet. It's a Tibetan indigenous religion.
Tibetan Thangka Painting
Tibetan thangka is a kind of scroll painting decorated with colored satin, with distinct national characteristics, strong religious color and unique artistic style.
Top Five Main Beliefs of Tibetan Buddhism
Tibetan Buddhism is rooted in Mahayana Buddhism and has been practiced in Tibet for 1000+ years. Here're the brief instructions to top five essential beliefs.
Tibetan Buddhist Colors
Tibetan color concept is embodied in Buddhist culture. There're different meanings to iconic colors including red, yellow, white, blue, green, gold, and black.
Tibetan Monk Hat
Some Tibetan monks wear red Buddhist hats while some wear yellow ones. What's the difference? See types of Tibetan monk hats based on the sects, grades, etc.
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