Tibetan Culture

As a member of the great family of the Chinese nation, the Tibetan people have created and developed a distinctive culture in the long history of continuous exchange and mutual absorption from the culture of other ethnic groups. The Tibetan culture has always been a pearl both in the Chinese culture and world culture. The Tibetan culture was formed gradually by the integration of the Turk culture in the Yarlung Zangbo River basins and ancient Xiangxiong culture in the west region of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.

In the 7th century, Buddhism was introduced into Tibet from mainland China, India and Nepal, and gradually developed into a distinctive Tibetan Buddhism. At the same time, the India and Nepal culture of South Asia, Persian culture and Arab culture in West Asia also influenced Tibetan culture in a significant way.

After a long period of development, Tibetan architecture, sculpture, painting, opera, language, writing, and medicine achieved a high level.

Tibetan Tea

Tea in Tibet is said to have been brought by Princess Wencheng as a dowry. Through the history, the people here have developed a Tibetan diet, among which buttered tea is a wholesome drink known for its nutrition and unique making method. Buttered tea can produce high calorie which can prevent cold in high regions. It is a very suitable tea in Tibet. Until now, the tea culture on the Tibetan Plateau has developed over one thousand years.

Buttered tea,with unique Tibetan ethnic characteristics has been integrated into the social customs, etiquette and daily life. Drinking a bottle of tea is an indispensable part of Tibetan social life. Tibetan people will serve up a cup of buttered tea to guest from far away which is a custom in Tibet and shows the respectful, harmonious and peaceful relief in their life. In the hall of railway station or airport, it is common to find people carrying warm water bottles filled with buttered tea to see their relatives or friends off. To celebrate the new birth of a baby, friends or family will bring the buttered tea as a gift. In the hospital, a bottle of buttered tea can comfort a patient greatly.

Tibetan Opera

Due to the differences in natural conditions, customs, cultural traditions and dialects across the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Tibetan Opera has developed into several varieties and schools. Tibetan Opera originated from 600 years ago, 400 years earlier than Beijing Opera, so it’s been called the living fossil.The art of Tibetan opera was derived from Tibetan opera, which is spread by the monks and pilgrims to the Tibetan areas in Qinghai, Gangsu, Sichuan and Yunnan. It’s also been circulated to India and Bhutan.

There are many kinds of Tibetan Opera, and the mainstream is the blue mask opera. The traditional performance of this blue mask opera is divided into three parts. The first part is the open ceremony called “Dun”, actors performing the sacrificial songs and dances; the second part is called “Xiong”, actors playing the history story or legend; the third part is an greeting part called “Taxi” which means blessing. The actors never make up, and they only wear a mask to perform from the beginning to the end.

Under the restrictions of religion, Tibetan culture has been less influenced by the mainland and keeps its original features. You can enjoy the Tibetan Opera during the festivals and celebrations.

Prayer Flag

Prayer flags were used as talismans to protect Tibetans during the war starting from Bon religion. It’s printed with the Buddhist scriptures. The locals believe every time the prayer flags blowing in wind, it means chanting sutras once and conveying good wishes. For this reason, long prayer flags are tied to windy places, such as high passes and river side; short prayer flags are tied on the branches of trees in the front of squares and monasteries.

They decorated the images of snow lion, dragon, and tiger on the flag. Gradually, prayer flags become one of the parts of Tibetan Buddhism, and add prayers or messages of hope and peace. There are five different colors of Tibetan prayers flags with different significant meanings, blue standing for wind, white for air, red for fire, green for water and yellow for earth. Prayer flags are replaced every year, and the date to change the prayer flags is based on the Tibetan Calendar.

Sky Burial

Sky burial is a traditional way of burial in Tibet. After death, the body will be dismembered and taken to a certain place to feed vultures (or other birds, animals, etc). It is not the only kind of burial, but it is the most popular way to dispatch the dead in Tibet.

Tibetans are devoted their lives to Buddhism and believe that the death only separates the body and the immortal soul. The core of sky burial is the immortality and reincarnations. Sky burial is highly regarded by Tibetans, as they believe that feeding vultures with the discarded body is the most honorable gift, reflecting the highest realm of Mahayana Buddhism - devoting. It’s not like some tourism guide book mentioned that sky burial’s a way to send the soul spirit to the heaven. Actually there’s no such saying in Tibetan Buddhism.

Sand Mandala

Sand Mandala, དཀྱིལ་འཁོར། in Tibetan, is the most exquisite Buddhist art in Tibet. The monks in the monastery use colorful sand to paint their ideal Buddhist world in the large religious events. They may paint it for several days or even months.

However, the masterpiece with monks’ great efforts are not used to show off their beauty to people. The Buddhist world painted by sand will be swept away once it's finished without any hesitation. Colorful sand will be put into bottles and dumped into the river.

Some explain that the theme of Sand Mandala is to show the illusion of the world. For Lama, they only destroy the external paintings and firmly keep their inner Mandala. It also shows the transience of life.

prayer flag4

10 Things You Should Know About Tibetan Prayer Flags Before Hanging Them Up

As a symbol of Tibetan culture, prayer flags can be seen in Tibet here and there. Here are some details about Tibetan prayer flags origin, features, colors, meanings and so on.

Tibetan Nomads with their horse.

Tibetan Nomads

Nomads mainly refer to the people whose main way of life is nomadism. In order to adapt to the climate conditions of high temperature and drought in Tibetan plateau, the Tibetan Nomads have implemented a strict animal husbandry management mode.

Gongbu New Year

What Tibetan Festival You Can Expect for the Rest of 2017

Taking part in a Tibetan Festival is a very good way to explore Tibetan culture during your Tibet tours. The most time of 2017 has already passed, so, what else of Tibetan Festivals you can still expect in this year?

sky burial

The Tibet Sky Burial Custom

Sky Burial is a traditional funeral ritual, which the dead body is consecrated to the vultures in a certain sky burial platform. It has a close relationship with Tibetan Buddhism, and there some taboos about sky burial which you don’t know.

Longda blessing

Unveiling the Mystery of Longda

Many people scatter scraps of paper into the sky for the purpose of seeking blessing from the God. Those scraps of paper are called Longda. Longda is printed with lection and patterns.

The Tibetan monks get along well with each other, they usually joking with each other and teasing each other

Tibetan Monks

Do you wanna know what does the life like of the mysterious Tibetan monks or have you ever imagined the inside picture of Buddhist monasteries?

We’ve listed 10 of the most visited Tibetan monasteries.

Top 10 Tibetan Monasteries

We’ve listed 10 of the most visited Tibetan monasteries, their marvelous structural styles and precious collections of religious artworks will feast your eye.

Tibet History

Tibet History

The history of Tibet including: Imperial age (602-842), Era of fragmentation, Sakya Rule, Pazhu Regime, Collapse of Serfdom, and Establishment of Tibet Autonomous Region.

Tibetan Languge

Tibetan Language

The Tibetan language including the history of Tibetan language , Tibetan Language Pronunciation, Tibetan Language Grammar, Tibetan Language writing styles, and useful Tibetan Words.

Tibetan Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism

As everyone knows that the Tibetan Buddhism is very important to Tibetan people. So, this article introduces the beginning, development, and current situation of Tibetan Buddhism for helping travelers understand Tibetan culture better.

Tibetan people 10

Tibetan People

Tibet is a place with long history and unique culture. The Tibetans live a devout and happy life on this holy land. We will provide you comprehensive information about their lives and you may learn more about Tibet through the article.

Tibetan Cliff and Rock Carving 1

Tibetan Cliff and Rock Carving

Tibet is a land with long history and rich traditional cultures. As one of the most important heritages from ancient time, Tibetan Cliff and Rock Carving is known for its unique style and exquisite appearance.

Tibetan Calendar

Tibetan Calendar

As the crystallization of Tibetan wisdom and experience, Tibetan Calendar is widely used in the roof of the world and some other places with the old tradition. You can learn more about Tibetan Culture from this very useful tool.

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