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On UNESCO World Heritage Sites list since 1979, the Pashupatinath Temple is the largest Hindu temple worshipping the Hindu God Shiva. This largest temple complex in Nepal stretches on both banks of Bagmati River and located 3 kilometers northwest of Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal.

In Hinduism, this temple is one of the four most important religious sites in Asia. On Maha Shivaratri, over 800,000 devotees will visit here to celebrate this major festival.

 

History

It is said that the temple was first erected in the 5th century. After the ancient building was consumed by termites, Malla kings renovated it in the 15th century. With time going by, numerous temples were built around this two-storied temple and became a harmonious complex. The marvelous temple is one of the 275 Tamil Paadal Petra Sthalams, which means "Holy Abodes of Shiva".

Some elder people who believe in Hinduism come here to spend the last days of their lives. To be cremated on the banks and travel with the water of the holy river Bagmati River, they will release their karma and reborn as a human regardless how many misconducts they've done during their lives. In Pashupatinath temple, you can feel a special atmosphere of death, and meditate on life, death, and soul.

 

What to See

The main structure, Pashupatinath Temple, located in the middle of an open courtyard. It's a two-story pagoda of Nepalese style, which is built on a plinth and stands 23.6 meters above the ground. However, it is only open to Hindus and visitors can just tour the nearby temples.

However, there are many other old and important temples worth a visit. The temple of Vasuki is in the northeast corner of the courtyard. Vasuki is the King of the Nagas (mythical sake) and has a gem called Nagamani on his head. Devotees often worship Vasuki before entering the main sanctum.

Arya Ghat is an important place because it's the sole place to get lustral water for Pashupatinath Temple. While the most-used cremation site is Bhasmeshvar Ghat, Arya Ghat is the site to cremate members of the royal family.

The priests in of Pashaputinath are called Bhattas. The daily ritual is performed by Bhattas and is a unique feature of this temple that only 4 Bhatta priests can touch the deity. There are 108 Bhandaris, who qualify as assistant priests but can't touch the deity.

 

Tips

The best time for your visit in Pashaputinath Temple is September to November.

Visitors need to buy tickets at the entrance, the fee is 1,000Nepalese Rupees.

Take pictures with Sadhus is not for free, and don't take pictures without permission in any condition.

Don't wear hats, sunglasses, or anything with furs in the temple.

No smoking in the halls.

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