- by Beatrice
- Last Updated: 2019-10-30
The Saga Dawa Festival is considered highly significant in Tibet. The terms "Saga Dawa" came from two words "saga" which means "the fourth" and "Dawa" which means “month.” Taken together, Saga Dawa literally means the “fourth month.” The Saga Dawa Festival is celebrated during the fourth month of the Tibetan Calendar, and it falls on the 15th day of that month. Although the main festival is celebrated on the 15th day of the month, Saga Dawa is basically a month-long festival. This festival is significant for remembering the birthday, enlightenment, and death of Sakyamuni. The Saga Dawa Festival of 2020 will start from 5th in June.
The fourth month is also called the "Month of Merits” and it is dedicated for gaining merits by way of pilgrimages to sacred places, by practicing "dana" (giving to other people, especially to the monks, nuns, and the temples), by refraining from eating meat, and by not killing animals. In Chinese, this festival is termed "Qiong Ren Jie" which means the "Poor People's Day."
When is Saga Dawa Festival Celebrated?
The exact date of the celebration of the Saga Dawa Festival varies from year to year because it is based on the Tibetan Calendar which is a lunisolar calendar and is different from the Roman Calendar. The lunisolar calendar indicates the time of the solar year and the moon phase. The Tibetan year is sometimes composed of 12 lunar months and sometimes of 13 lunar months. For this reason, the exact date of the Saga Dawa Festival varies from year to year. In 2017, it was celebrated on the 15th of April in Tibetan Calendar; while this year, it was celebrated on the 29th of May according to Roman Calendar. Next year (2020), it will be celebrated from the 5th of June according to Roman Calendar. Hence, if you plan to attend the Saga Dawa Festival next year, you can schedule your visit to Tibet between 5th to 19th, 2020.
Things to Expect During the Saga Dawa Festival
During the Saga Dawa Festival, you can expect to see a lot of Tibetan pilgrims who are circumambulating around holy sites, specifically at Barkhor, Lingkhor, and Tsekhor. You would also see that a lot of animals and fishes are released in the Lhasa River. Moreover, you would see hundreds of people lining up at the Drepung kitchen, desirous of donating goods to the monks as these monks chant their prayers inside the assembly hall. You can also expect to see a lot of Tibetan people who are only eating vegetables during the day, while abstaining from eating meat, especially, during the 15th day of the month. You would also see a lot of donating money, while at the same time, you'll see picnics at the picnic centers of Lhasa, while the older Tibetans recite their mantras.
Which Places to Visit During the Saga Dawa Festival?
The best way to experience the Saga Dawa Festival is to avail of a Saga Dawa Festival Tour of Tibet. During this tour, you can join the celebrating crowd at Dzongyab Lukhang Park right at the foot of the Potala Palace for an afternoon picnic. These gatherings have become a mostly-awaited yearly gathering wherein people would wear their most beautiful attires while they dance and picnic(the locals call it Lingka).
Most significant festivities of the Saga Dawa Festival are celebrated in Lhasa. However, you will also witness a feverish celebration of the Saga Dawa Festival around Mt. Kailash, considered to be the holiest mountain of Tibet. During the Festival, you would witness thousands of Tibetan Buddhist pilgrims worshipping at the foot of this holy mountain.
If you are attracted to the mysterious religious ceremonies and culture, you may visit Mt. Kailash during Saga Dawa Festival.
The Saga Dawa Festival encapsulates how a Buddhist should pay homage to Buddha. Buddhists are expected to reiterate their desire to lead noble lives by practicing kindness and bringing harmony and peace to the world. Thus, this festival is also called the “Festival for Releasing Living Things.” This is the reason why the Tibetans refrain from killing animals during the monthlong celebration while abstaining from eating meat. Moreover, they generally try to focus their efforts on worship. Lastly, if ever you are interested in experiencing the Saga Dawa Festival, you can readily contact us and we would facilitate your tour of Tibet during the Saga Dawa Festival.
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