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Where is Mount Everest Located

  • by Eric
  • Last Updated: 2024-05-20

Mount Everest, 8848.86 meters above sea level, is the highest peak in the world. Located on the border of Tibet and Nepal, Mount Everest is the main peak of the Himalayas. Its northern slope belongs to Tibet and its southern slope belongs to Nepal. Therefore, Mount Everest has different names in Nepal and Tibet.

Names of Mount Everest

Tibetan people call Mount Everest Qomolangma, which means "Mother of the Earth". In Tibetan, Qo-mo means a goddess, and lang-ma means a mother elephant (in Tibetan, lang-ma has two meanings: high mountain willow and mother elephant). In Nepalese, it's called Sagarmatha, which means "Goddess of the Sky". This name was named by the Nepalese government in the 1960s because the Nepalese people did not name this mountain before, and the government did not choose to use the transliteration name for political reasons.

Tibetan people call Everest Qomolangma, which means mother of the earth
Tibetan people call Everest Qomolangma, which means mother of the earth

Its English name "Everest" comes from a British George Everest, who was the head of the Bureau of Survey of India and responsible for surveying the Himalayas in the mid-19th century. In 1852, the height of Mount Everest was first measured to be 29002 feet (equivalent to 8839.8 meters), and it was discovered as the highest peak in the world by the British surveyor George Everest. Before that, Kangchenjunga on the east of Mt.Everest was regarded as the highest peak in the world. In 1865, this mountain was officially named Everest.

Since it was discovered as the highest mountain in 1852, there are constantly adventurous travelers coming to climb Mount Everest. It was not until 1953 that two climbers successfully climbed to the top of Mount Everest. Every year, more climbers want to challenge the summit of Mount Everest. By February 2020, a total of 4,469 people have successfully climbed 7,646 times.

Location of Mount Everest in the World

Mount Everest is situated at the junction of the Eurasian continent and the South Asian subcontinent, which is the largest plateau in China and the highest in the world. It is on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, known as the "Roof of the World" and the "Third Pole". It is located on the border between Tibet and Nepal. The middle section of the Himalayas is located at 27°59′15.85″ north latitude and 86°55′39.51″ east longitude.

Map of Mount Everest in the world
Map of Mount Everest in the world

Location of Mount Everest in Countries

Mount Everest is located on the border between China and Nepal. The northern slope is in Tingri County of the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, and the southern slope is in the Kingdom of Nepal. In addition to China's Tibet and Nepal, which straddles Mount Everest, the countries surrounding Mount Everest include Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan.

Map of Mount Everest in the world
Map of Mount Everest and surrounding countries

Location of Mount Everest in the Himalayas

Mount Everest is a part of the Himalayan mountain range, specifically located in the middle of the Himalayas. The Himalayas stretch for more than 2,400 kilometers, at an average elevation of over 6000 meters. It is the tallest and most majestic mountain range in the world.

There are three peaks over 8,000 meters above sea level near Mount Everest, namely, Lhotse, Makalu and Cho Oyu. In the surroundings, there are more than 14 mountain peaks over 7,000 meters above sea level, which form the amazing vista of Mount Everest Natural Scenery Area.

The famous ones are Lhotse (8516 meters above sea level, the fourth highest peak in the world) at 3 kilometers to the south, No. 38 Peak (7591 meters above sea level) at 5.3 kilometers to the south, Makalu (8,463 meters above sea level, the fifth highest in the world) at 19.5 kilometers to the southeast, Zhangzi (7,543 meters above sea level) at 4.2 kilometers to the north, Nuptse (7,861 meters above sea level) at 4.4 kilometers to the west, and Pumori Peak (7,161 meters above sea level) at 8 kilometers to the west. In the periphery of these peaks, there are some extremely high peaks in the world facing Mount Everest: the world’s third-highest peak Kanchenjunga (8,586 meters above sea level, the boundary peak between Nepal and India) in the southeast. In the west, there's Gyachung Kang at 7952 meters above sea level, Cho Oyu at 8201 meters and Shishapangma at 8012 meters.

Mt.Everest in Himalayas
Mount Everest in the Himalayan mountain range

Where is Mount Everest in Tibet

The northern part of Mount Everest is in Tingri County of the Tibet Autonomous Region, and it is also the center of the Mount Everest Nature Reserve. The Nature Reserve is divided into three functional areas: core area, buffer zone and experimental area. Among them, the area where Mount Everest is situated on the southern edge is called the "Everest Core Area", with an area of ​​about 3,000 square kilometers. Except for Mount Everest, the world's fourth-highest peak Lhotse, the fifth highest peak Makalu and the sixth highest peak Cho Oyu are in this area.

Everest Base Camp is a good resource for trekkers. Whether it is the classic old Tingri trekking route to the base camp, the scenic trekking route from Gama Valley to Base Camp on the east slope of Mount Everest, or the base camp trek to the higher-altitude Mount Everest advancing base camp route, all make trekking enthusiasts eager to have a try.

Mount Everest in Tibet
Mount Everest in Tibet

Where is Mount Everest in Nepal

The southern part of Mount Everest is in the Sagarmatha National Park in the Solukhumbu District of Nepal. Mount Everest in Nepal has a lower elevation. Compared with the northern part of Mount Everest, the rising of the mountain in Nepal is more gentle. The climate is milder, with a wide variety of flora and fauna, making this area a sacred place for trekking in the world. Especially the EBC loop trekking, which is regarded as one of the best trekking routes in the world, you can't miss it.

Mount Everest in Nepal
Mount Everest in Nepal

Nearby Cities of Mount Everest

The cities in Tibet near Mount Everest are:

  • Tingri - A popular starting point for trekking to Mount Everest Base Camp in Tibet, 70km from Mt. Everest.
  • Rongbuk Monastery - Located at the foot of Mount Everest, the highest temple in the world, 10 kilometers from Mt. Everest.

The cities in Nepal near Mount Everest are:

  • Lukla - the starting city for trekking to the Everest Base Camp in Nepal, 38.5km from Mt. Everest.
  • Kathmandu - the only major city close to Mount Everest, 160.67 km from Mt. Everest.
  • Namche Bazaar - The first accommodation base camp for Everest climbers, 36.7km from Mount Everest.
the three kings of Tibet who supported Buddhism
Mount Everest and nearby cities

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