Mount Everest Facts

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  • ALTITUDE : 8,848 m (29,029 ft)
  • LOCATION : Nepal/China border, Tingri, Shigatse, Tibet
  • TYPE : Mountain, Natural Park
  • BEST SEASON TO VISIT : Summer / Autumn
  • TIBET BASE CAMP : 5,180 meters(17,000 ft)
  • ADMISSION FEE : CNY180
  • OPENING HOURS : All day
  • THINGS TO DO : Hiking, camping, photography, mountaineering

At a height of 8,848 meters(29,029 feet), Mount Everest - the highest Himalayan peak, stands as the highest mountain in the world. It is no surprise that the world is mesmerized with Mount Everest. It's also being called Mount Qomolangma. In Tibetan, "Qomo" means "goddess", "Langma" means "mother elephant", and the overall meaning is "Goddess of the earth." Located at the bordering areas between Nepal and Tibet Autonomous Region, Mount Everest is a transcendental sight for anyone. It is home to the Sherpa tribe and several other indigenous groups.

Geographical Environments

Mount Everest shaped like a giant pyramid, with extreme and steep terrain and its environment is very complex. Within 20km of the mountain, there're more than 40 peaks above 7,000 meters high (including independent peaks), including the famous Lhotse (at 8516 meters, the fourth highest mountain in the world), Makalu (at 8463 meters, the fifth highest mountain in the world), Pumori peak (at 7161 meters), etc. On the periphery of these peaks, there're some super high mountains facing Mount Qomolangma in a long-distance, such as Cho Oyu (at 8,201 meters) and Shisha Panama (at 8,012 meters). As a result, peaks around Mount Qomolangma formed a magnificent scene.

Facts about the Mount Everest

Here is our compilation of facts that you need to know about Mount Everest.

1.  Mount Everest has been named after George Everest - the director of governmental Survey of India from 1830 to 1843, who was the first person to organize a team and run a survey on the Himalayas. Thus, we call it today "Mount Everest". In 1841, this tall peak was finally recognized for its specialty.

2.  Unlike how most people think, Mount Everest is not discovered by George Everest. Although the peak is named after George Everest, he was not the first one to identify it as the tallest peak. Mount Everest was instead discovered by an Indian, Radhanath Sikdar, An Indian surveyor and a mathematician. Radhanath Sikdar was the first person to discover and identify Mount Everest. 

3.  Mount Everest is located between China and Nepal. It is spread across from the spectacular northern regions of Tibet to the beautiful landscape of Nepal in the South. The Nepali name of Mount Everest is Sagarmatha, meaning "Goddess of the Sky". Located at the heart of the Mahalangur Mountain Range, the sight is surely meant to take your breath away. Moreover, the tranquility of the place (which remains despite sharing its borders with China) is going to give you the peace your soul has been looking for.

4.  When can you visit Mount Everest? Well, it is hugely occupied by jet streams almost throughout the year. During those times climbing is next to impossible because of extremely low temperatures and strong winds. The winds are slower during the month of May and September. The months when the place sees the highest traffic are April and May. For climbers, this is the safest time. Another additional factor is that during this period, there is no harsh winter snowfall or dangerous monsoon falls. 

5.  So far there have been more than 4000 people who have been successful at climbing this peak. That being said, Mount Everest sees new climbers aiming for the peak every year.

6.  How much time do you think one takes to climb Mount Everest? Well, count that in days and months. You will need three months to make the full journey. First, you will require 19 days just for the round trips of trekking to and from the Everest base camp. Once you have reached the Mount Everest base camp, you will be taking 40 extra days to wait for the best weather and reach the peak of the mountain.

7.  The first people who climbed Mount Everest to the top were Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay from the Sherpa tribe of Nepal. They climbed the peak on May 29 from the Nepal borders. Initially, Colonel John Hunt was the one to lead a British expedition to climb the peak. Hillary and Tenzing were a part of this expedition. Eventually, they became the first ones who could successfully cover all the distance.

8.  So, how can you climb Mount Everest? There are not one but 18 routes overall for it. All of these routes are different but lead to the same destination. Out of all these, the most popular ones are the Northeast Ridge Standard Route and the South Colony Route. Also, if you are serious about climbing Mount Everest, make sure that you have a professional guide with you. You will also need months, if not years, of training before climbing the peak.

9.  You will find several camps set around the vicinity. As you climb above, you will meet new camps at various elevation levels. These camps are meant more as stations, breaks or depots by climbers. And please no worry, you will find the camps while climbing down as well. For popular routes like the South Col, you will find at least 5 camp bases set for the convenience of the climbers. 

10.  On an annual basis, around 800 people try to climb the peak. And it's not an easy task. Climbing Mount Everest is a risk on its own. You will have an oxygen cylinder with you. However, you will still feel several other symptoms while climbing. Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, hypothermia and even frostbites are some of the risks you need to be ready for. Climbers prepare themselves mentally and physically to face the challenge. Even after that, they are climbers who have returned with both psychological and physical issues. 

From Lhasa to the Mount Everest

Currently, many travelers visit Mt. Everest from Lhasa. If you just want to have a glimpse, you can join Everest Base Camp tours and drive to Everest Base Camp from Lhasa.  If you are planning to climb this awe-inspiring mountain, you must begin your preparations as soon as possible. First of all,  you need to apply and get permission from the Tibet Mountaineering Management Center. Then you need to pay via Tibet Mountaineering association for joining the expedition. The cost would be USD60,000 in total. For more documents and details, you can check our article Everest Expeditions.

Conclusion

Going to Everest is a huge feat for anyone. Even if you are not used to high altitudes, we would recommend that you brave it once in your life. It doesn't matter if you are going by car, a bike or on foot. As soon as you reach the foot of the peak, you will realize that it’s all worth it. This can be your memorable journey, one that will be the highlight of every story you ever tell about you. 

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