- by Catherine
- Last Updated: 2021-03-16
Lhabab Duchen is Tibetan, which is Buddha's Descent Day. Tibetan Buddhism believes that September 22nd of the Tibetan calendar is the day when the founder of Buddhism, Sakyamuni, returned to the world. It is one of the four major Sakyamuni Festivals. The other 3 are the Great Prayer Festival in the 1st Tibetan month, Saga Dawa Festival in April, and Chokor Duchen Festival in early June. In order to commemorate this day, Tibetan Buddhists hold Buddhist activities in various temples every year to greet Buddha's return, promote the Dharma, and save all living beings. And the religious masses should reverently pray, turn their prayer wheels, and provide offerings in order for protection.
Tibetan Buddhism believes that Lhabab Duchen is the most auspicious day.
According to the Tibetan Buddhism doctrine, "Lhabab Duchen" is the day when Buddha Sakyamuni returns to earth. Another saying is that when Sakyamuni was 7 years old, he rose to thirty-three levels of the heavens and repaid his mother's grace (Madam Maya) by preaching. After that, Sakyamuni returned to the ancient India Kingdom of Kashi on this day. And this day is called "descent from heaven" or "Buddha returns" day.
White is the color admired by Tibetans and a symbol of happiness and beauty. In Tibet, the snowy mountains are white, the clouds are white, the wool is white, the zanba is white, and the Hada is also white. Whitewashing houses in cities and villages means that the plateau is a pure land of Buddhism and that the people here are kindness tendency, sincere and pure. If Buddha sees it from heaven, he would make a resolution to come back.
Traditionally, in preparation for Lhabab Duchen, Tibetan temples of all sizes have their outer walls painted. During this period, believers will spontaneously donate milk, brown sugar, etc. as painting. Tibetan religious believers also clean up the dust of their own prayer rooms, burn incense and worship Buddha, Looking forward to the arrival of the Buddha.
Paint the red palace of Potala Palace
One of the most important prayer activities on the "Lhabab Duchen Festival" is to simmer mulberry. As long as there is a place to simmer the mulberry stove, the pilgrims will put their cypress branches into the stove, and sprinkle the barley grains, zanba, pour ghee, and so on.
One of the most important prayer activities is simmering mulberry.
On this day, Tibetan Buddhist monasteries will hold a variety of Buddhist activities, chanting, worshiping, to commemorate the Buddha‘s descent. In Lhasa, Tibet, monks hold solemn meetings to make chopa to Buddha statues at the Jokhang Temple, Ramoche Temple, and the Potala Palace, and offer alms-giving at the Drepung, Sera and Ganden monasteries, praying for a return.
The believers also offer sacrifices or provide assistance to the poor, according to their financial resources. Since early morning, thousands of worshippers have been lining up at the gate of the Jokhang temple in Lhasa, waiting to worship the statue of Sakyamuni Buddha in the temple and add ghee to the lamps, praying for the Buddha's blessing of happiness and safety for their families. After worshiping the Buddha in Jokhang temple, the believers begin to turn the prayer wheels and pray, along the traditional Linkhor road route, through the Chokpori, Norbulingka, Potala Palace, etc.
What are the Most Significant Tibetan Festivals?
Significant Tibetan festivals include Losar Festival, Saga Dawa Festival, Shoton Festival, etc. Joining a feast is a great way to experience Tibetan culture.
Saga Dawa Festival
Saga Dawa(also known as Saka Dawa) is considered highly significant in Tibet. It's celebrated during the fourth month of the Tibetan Calendar, for remembering the birthday, enlightenment, and death of Sakyamuni.
Celebrate Saga Dawa Festival at Mt. Kailash
Saga Dawa is usually celebrated at Mt.Kailash. The famous Tarboche Flagpole, a huge pole that lies on the Kailash Kora route, would be replaced with new prayer flags and raised up again during this festival.
Galdan Namchot is held every year on October 25 of the Tibetan year for one day, to commemorate the birth & parinirvana (death) of Je Tsongkhapa, also known as "Tsongkhapa Butter Lamp Festival". On this day, temples in Tibet will hold grand offering rituals, especially offering lamps.
Losar - Tibetan New Year
Tibetan people call Tibetan New Year “Losar”. Losar is the most important Tibetan festival that combines sacred and secular customs - prayer, hanging prayer flags, folk dances, and gatherings. In 2022, Losar falls on Mar. 3.
Damgxung Horse Racing Festival
Introduction about the Horse Racing Festival in Damgxung, including the name, venue, activities, and opening time to help travelers know more about Tibetan culture and plan a Tibet tour to attend the festival in person.
Nyingchi Peach Bloosom Festival
With the lowest elevation in Tibet, Nyingchi has the same stunning scenery as Switzerland. Especially during March and April, the peach flowers are blossoming in the mountain. Do you want a journey to the most romantic place in Tibet?
Tibetan Shoton Festival
The Shoton/Sho Dun Festival is one of the most popular festivals in Tibet. “Sho” means yogurt, “Ton” means banquet. So you can consider it as a feast of eating yogurt. In this article, you can see the history, venue and what to expect from this festival.
Butter Lamp Festival
The Butter Lamp Festival falls on the 15th of the first month in Tibetan Calendar. It’s a tradition that commemorates all of Buddha’s miracles. You will feel a happy atmosphere during that Festival.
Gyantse Horse Racing Festival
Gyantse Horse Racing Festival, also known as the Gyantse Damar Festival, was held in April of Tibetan Calendar. Now it's mostly held on July 20 during the slack season. It is the most distinctive folk custom activity in Tibet, with a history of more than 500 years.
Ganden Thangka Showing Festival
Ganden Thangka Showing Festival is a traditional feast that attracted thousands of pilgrims and visitors every year. Take a journey of discovery and spirituality to the temple and have excellent experience in the holy land of Tibet.
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