- by Apple
- Last Updated: 2020-01-14
Saga Dawa Festival celebrated at Mt Kailash on 15th Jun 2020. The famous Tarboche Flagpole, a huge pole that lies on the Kailash Kora route, has been replaced with new prayer flags and raised up again. Local Tibetans circumambulated the Tarboche Flagpole in a clockwise direction to welcome the newly rising flagpole.
The Tarboche Flagpole is also carefully scrutinized by the Tibetans to look for omens. If it is directly straight up, the coming year will be prosperous with no disease, healthy livestock and good crop harvests; If the Tarboche Flagpole is leaning towards Mt Kailash, it is an omen for suffering from famines, diseases and untimely deaths. When the flagpole tilts away from Mt Kailash, an alarm is generated in the people as well.
Saga Dawa Festival is the most important religious festival of Tibet, enthusiastically celebrated on the full moon day of the fourth Tibetan Lunar month, usually begins in May and ends in June by the solar calendar. Dawa means "month" in Tibetan, and "Saga" is the name of a star prominent in the sky during the fourth lunar month of the Tibetan calendar. This is a month especially dedicated to "making merit." Merit is understood in many ways in Buddhism. We can think of it as the fruits of good karma, especially when this brings us closer to enlightenment.
Tibetan lunar months begin and end with a new moon. The full moon day that falls in the middle of the month is Saga Dawa Duchen; Duchen means "great occasion." This is the single most holy day of Tibetan Buddhism. Like the Theravadin observance of Vesak, Saga Dawa Duchen commemorates the birth, enlightenment and death (parinirvana) of the historical Buddha. For Tibetan Buddhists, the month of Saga Dawa is the most auspicious time for meritorious actions. And on Saga Dawa Duchen the merits of worthy acts are multiplied 100,000 times.
During Saga Dawa Festival, monks chanting in monasteries, cham dancing and other religious activities dominate the occasion. And everyone is seen reciting the prayers and playing the holy beads. The entire Tibet is deeply immersed in the festive and spiritual atmosphere. According to the Buddhist literary sources, the Saga Dawa festival is celebrated to highlight the day when Sakyamuni (Buddha) attained enlightenment.
WAYS TO MAKE MERIT
Meritorious acts include pilgrimages to sacred places. There are many mountains, lakes, caves and other natural sites in Tibet that have attracted pilgrims for centuries.
Pilgrims also go to venerated monasteries, temples and stupas.
Pilgrims also travel to be in the presence of a holy person, such as a high lama.
Pilgrims may circumambulate a shrine or other holy place. This means walking clockwise around the holy site. As they circumambulate, pilgrims may pray and chant mantras, such as mantras to White or Green Tara, or Om Mani Padme Hum. The circumambulation may include full-body prostrations.
Dana, or giving, maybe the most common way for Buddhists of all traditions to make merit, especially giving donations to temples or to individual monks and nuns. During Saga Dawa, it's also auspicious to give money to beggars. Traditionally, beggars line the roads on Saga Dawa Duchen knowing they are certain to receive something.
The lighting of butter lamps is a common devotional practice. Traditionally, butter lamps burned clarified yak butter, but these days they might be filled with vegetable oil. The lights are said to banish spiritual darkness as well as visual darkness. Tibetan temples burn a lot of butter lamps; donating lamp oil is another way to make merit.
Another way to make merit is by not eating meat. One can take this further by buying animals intended to be slaughtered and setting them free.
In many Buddhist traditions, there are precepts observed by laypeople only on holy days. In Theravada Buddhism, these are called the uposatha precepts. Lay Tibetan Buddhists sometimes follow the same eight precepts on holy days. During Saga Dawa, laypeople may keep these eight precepts on both new moon and full moon days.
These precepts are the first five basic precepts for all lay Buddhists, plus three more. The first five are:
1. No killing
2. No stealing
3. No misusing sex
4. No lying
5. No abusing of intoxicants
On especially holy days, three more are added:
6. "holy day" precept is to eat only one meal, before noon. This is a basic precept for many monks and nuns, but most of the time it doesn't apply to laypeople. "Grazing" is not allowed; once you've stopped eating for thirty minutes, the meal is done. For Tibetans, this one meal should not include meat, eggs, onions, garlic or radishes.
7. "holy day" precept is to avoid sleeping in a high, soft bed.
8. not to wear adornments -- jewelry or cosmetics.
Sometimes lay Tibetans turn these special days into two-day retreats, with complete silence and fasting on the second day.
There are, of course, a variety of rituals and ceremonies performed during Saga Dawa, and these vary among the several schools of Tibetan Buddhism. In recent years, Chinese security forces have limited Saga Dawa activities, including pilgrimages and ceremonies, in Tibet.
Clients of GTT have attended the Saga Dawa Festival 2017. Check out the first-handed photos below.
Related Articles & Posts
Tibetan Shoton Festival
The Shoton Festival is one of the most important festivals in Tibet. “Sho” means yogurt, “Ton” means banquet. From this post, you can also see the history, venue and what to expect from this festival, therefore understand Tibetan culture and Buddhism better. ...
Tibetan Festivals Calendar
Great Tibet Tour provide you the 2019/2020 calendar of Tibetan Festivals such as Losar Festival, Saga Dawa Festival, Gyantse Horse Racing Festival, Nagqu Horse Racing Festival, Shoton Festival, etc. Let's see the event details. ...
Losar Festival - Tibetan New Year
Tibetan New Year, called as “Losar” as well, is the most important festival for Tibetan people. Where does it come from? When is Losar? What activities are there during Losar Festival? How do Tibetan people celebrate for Losar? Check this post and find the answer. ...
Saga Dawa Festival
The Saga Dawa Festival is considered highly significant in Tibet. It's celebrated during the fourth month of the Tibetan Calendar, for remembering the birthday, enlightenment, and death of Sakyamuni. ...
Nyingchi Peach Flower Festival – Smile with Your Lover in Blooming Flower Bush
With the lowest elevation in Tibet, Nyingchi has the same stunning scenery as Switzerland. Especially in March – April, the peach flowers are blooming in the mountain. Do you want a journey to the most romantic place in Tibet? ...
Nagqu Horse Racing Festival
Nagqu Horse Racing Festival is the greatest annual event in northern Tibet. During festival, you can enjoy an attire feast, taste delicious Tibetan food, and enjoy singing and dancing. ...
Butter Lamp Festival
The Butter Lamp Festival was held on the 15th of the first month in Tibetan Calendar. It’s a tradition that commemorates all of Buddha’s miracles. You will feel a happy atmosphere during that Festival. ...
Gyantse Horse Racing Festival
Located in the upstream of Nyangqu River, a tributary of the Yarlung Zangbo River, Gyantse is a Historical and cultural city of over one thousand years history. The Horse Racing Festival held in this ancient land is a great chance to enjoy the beautiful landscape there. ...
Damgxung Horse Racing Festival
Introduce the Horse Racing Festival in Damgxung, including the name, venue, activities, and opening time in 2017, help travelers know more about Tibetan culture and plan a Tibet tour to attend the festival in person. ...
Ganden Thangka Showing Festival
As one of the top 3 monasteries in Lhasa, Ganden Monastery was founded by Tsongkhapa who is a great master and the founder of Gelug sect in Tibetan Buddhism. Ganden Thangka Showing Festival is a traditional feast which attracted thousands of pilgrims and visitors every year. Take a journey of discov ...