The famous classical garden in Shanghai, Yuyuan Garden, is located in Anren Jie. A government officer of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) named Pan Yunduan finished it in 1577. Yu in Chinese means pleasing and satisfying, and this garden was specially built for Pan's parents as a place for them to enjoy a tranquil and happy time in their old age.
Yuyuan Garden had been through many changes with the existence of 400 years. As the decline of Pan’s family during the late Ming Dynasty, it became very dilapidated. In 1760, some rich merchants bought it and spent more than 20 years reconstructing the buildings. During the Opium War of the 19th century, it was severely damaged. After five years’ restoration project which began in 1956, the garden was finally open to the public in September 1961.
Yuyuan Garden occupies an area of 20,000 square meters (about five acres). However, the small size is not a representative of the attractions of the garden. You can find unique characteristics easily in many places such as pavilions, halls, rockeries, ponds and cloisters. There are six main scenic areas here: Sansui Hall, Wanhua Chamber, Dianchun Hall, Huijing Hall, Yuhua Hall and the Inner Garden. There are several scenic spots in each area within its borders.
You will encounter a rockery which is called the Great Rockery upon entering the garden. With a height of 14 meters (about 50 feet), it is the largest as well as the oldest rockery in the southern region of the Yangtze River. You will see the whole view of the garden on the top of the Great Rockery. And at the foot of the rockery, Cuixiu hall lies there. It is a quiet and elegant place surrounded by old trees and beautiful flowers. Visitors will find curio shops in the Cuixiu Hall.
Recommended Tour Itineraries Including Yuyuan Garden
This tour will take you to explore China like an insider. From east to the west of China, you will visit Shanghai - the fastest growing city in Asia, Xi’an - the ancient capital of 13 dynasties, Tibet - the mysterious holy land and Beijing - the heart of China. You won’t miss any highlighted attractions.
This 15-day tour will take you to visit the six famous cities in China from east to west. You will have an opportunity to visit the capital city Beijing. Then take a short tour to Xi’an. After that, you are going to visit Lhasa, the roof of the world then fly to Chongqing to enjoy the breathtaking view of Yangtze River as well.
The train tour will be an unforgettable and unique experience in your lifetime. By taking this train tour, you will have 3-day Shanghai tour to feel the mix of tradition and modernity first, then experience the world’s highest train riding from Shanghai to Lhasa along Qinghai-Tibet Railway, finally arrive in Lhasa to visit Buddhism monasteries, view stunning nature scenery and discover the profound Tibetan culture.