The Mutianyu Great Wall is such a well-preserved and famous Great Wall section. Compared with the top-notch Badaling, Great Wall at Mutianyu is less crowded, thus a good destination on hot holidays for a Great Wall tour at ease.

It was first built in Northern Qi Dynasty(550-557) with a total length of 3.4 miles (5,400 meters). In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), it was rebuilt by two famous patriotic generals Tan Lun and Qi Jiguang in order to strengthen its defensive potential when they guarded the strategic pass. It served as the northern protective screen, guarding the capital and imperial mausoleums for generations.

It is mainly made of slabs of granite. It measures 23 feet (7 meters) to 26 feet (8 meters) in height and 4 yards (4 meters) to 5 yards (5 meters) in width.

Both sides of the Great Wall have parapets to defend against enemies. Some parapets are saw-tooth shaped instead of the regular rectangular form. There are square embrasures which are designed in an arc structure on the top below the parapets, different from the traditional round embrasures.

There are 23 watchtowers distributed at close intervals along the wall. They are located not only on the main wall but also at the distinctive "branch city". Against the inner or outer side of the wall, branch cities are built on the hill ridge.

Zhengguan Terrace (No. 6 Watchtower) is 44 yards (40 meters) long, 33 yards (30 meters) wide, and 66 feet (20 meters) high. The gate is not designed in the middle but is on the eastern side. The two-story terrace is comprised of three hollow watchtowers, a large one in the middle and two smaller ones on two sides. The grain and station troops can be easily stored in a large number of rooms.

Big Corner Tower (No. 1 Watchtower) is connected with Mutianyu in the west, with Gubeikou in the east, and with a branch city wall in the south. It is called Big Corner Tower for a reason, the tower looks like a corner from each angle.

 

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