Known as the eighth wonder of the world, Terracotta Warriors in Xian is now a museum to show the terra-cotta warriors, horses and wagons which are made back in Qin Dynasty. Qin terracotta warriors have guarded the mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang for over 2000 years. The Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang and Terracotta Warriors were listed in the World Heritage by UNESCO’s approval in 1987. The Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum is the first and largest mausoleum in China.(built from 246 BC to 208 BC).
In 221 B.C., the first centralized feudal dynasty in China was established by Emperor Qin Shi Huang of the Qin Dynasty. After his death, he was buried at the northern foot of Lishan Hill in the east of Lintong County. After 2,000 years of water and soil erosion, the tomb has been reduced to half its size But it still impresses people with 76 meters’ height and a fundamental space of 120,000 square meters.
One unusual detail about the construction of the tomb is that the emperor had the building begin shortly after becoming king of Qin at the age of 13. This action disobeyed the Confucian wisdom that a son should build a memorial which is as impressive as possible to respect his father instead of planning his own funeral rites.
It took about 39 years and 700,000 workers to complete the tomb. The stars were represented by the embedded peals, rivers and lakes were simulated with liquid mercury. The tomb itself has not been opened yet.
There are four main categories of figures in this museum: chariot warriors, infantrymen, cavalrymen, and horses. There are all kinds of officers and men: generals, middle-ranking officers, lower ranking officers, ordinary soldiers and armored warriors. Some of the warriors wear a square scarf, a cylindrical bun or a flat bun. There are kneeling warriors as well.
Recommended Tour Itineraries Including Qin Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses
This 15-day tour will take you to visit the six famous cities in China from east to west. You will have an opportunity to visit the capital city Beijing. Then take a short tour to Xi’an. After that, you are going to visit Lhasa, the roof of the world then fly to Chongqing to enjoy the breathtaking view of Yangtze River as well.
In 2-day memorable tour in Xi’an, you can feel the profound Chinese history at the scenic spots. In the train to Lhasa, you will see lots of stunning views. When you arrive in Lhasa, you will visit Buddhism monasteries, holy lakes and Everest Base Camp, where's the closest place to touch the sky.