Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shi Huang is located in the south of Xiyang Village, 6 kilometers east of Lintong District, Xi'an City, 1,225 meters away from the Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang to the west. It's known as the eighth wonder of the world. Now it's a museum showing the terra-cotta warriors, horses and wagons which are made back in Qin Dynasty. It is the largest group of burial pits in the Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang. The huge group of terracotta figures buried in the pits is the epitome of the powerful army of the Qin Dynasty.
Qin terracotta warriors have guarded the mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang for over 2000 years. The Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang and Terracotta Warriors was listed in the World Heritage by UNESCO’s approval in 1987. The Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum is the first and largest mausoleum in China. (built from 246 BC to 208 BC).
In 221 B.C., the first centralized feudal dynasty in China was established by Emperor Qin Shi Huang of the Qin Dynasty. After his death, he was buried at the northern foot of Lishan Hill in the east of Lintong County. After 2,000 years of water and soil erosion, the tomb has been reduced to half its size But it still impresses people with 76 meters’ height and a fundamental space of 120,000 square meters.
One unusual detail about the construction of the tomb is that the emperor had the building begin shortly after becoming king of Qin at the age of 13. This action disobeyed the Confucian wisdom that a son should build a memorial that is as impressive as possible to respect his father instead of planning his own funeral rites.
It took about 39 years and 700,000 workers to complete the tomb. The stars were represented by the embedded peals, and rivers and lakes were simulated with liquid mercury. The tomb itself has not been opened yet.
There are four main categories of figures in this museum: chariot warriors, infantrymen, cavalrymen, and horses. There are all kinds of officers and men: generals, middle-ranking officers, lower-ranking officers, ordinary soldiers and armored warriors. Some of the warriors wear a square scarf, a cylindrical bun or a flat bun. There are kneeling warriors as well.
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