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Known as 'the bright pearl of ancient dynasties and house of Chinese treasures' in Xian, the Shaanxi History Museum gives a miniature overview of the thousands of years of history of China and the splendid ancient cultures of olden times.

The Shaanxi History Museum is the first modern national museum with a location on Xiaozhai East Road on the northwest side of Big Wild Goose Pagoda. It was built in 1983 and opened to the public in 1991. The total acreage of Shaanxi History Museum is 65,000 square meters (16 acres). Thereinto, 8,000 square meters (about 2 acres) are used to store relics as warehouses and 11,000 square meters (2.7 acres) belong to the exhibition halls. Nowadays, there are 370,000 exhibits in the museum that show the history lively of over a million years from prehistoric times (1,150,000 years ago - 21st Century BC) to about 1840 AD.

With a two-storied central hall and four worship halls around it, these remarkable buildings of Shaanxi History Museum imitate the architectural style of the Tang Dynasty (618 - 907). It gives the halls an atmosphere of solemnity and rustic charm because the predominant colors of the halls are black, white and grey.

The Preface Hall, the permanent exhibition halls, the temporary exhibition halls, and an exhibition hall for Tang Mural Paintings generally divide the exhibition halls of Shaanxi History Museum into four main group. You see a stone lion from the Shunling Tomb of the Tang Dynasty and a huge picture of a loess plateau and the Yellow River in the Preface Hall as soon as you enter the central hall. Behind the picture, you will find the permanent exhibition halls.

It shows the Shaanxi culture in the timeline in three exhibition halls separately in the Permanent Exhibition Halls in Shaanxi History Museum.

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